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A Single-Chip CMOS UHF RFID Reader Transceiver for Chinese Mobile Applications

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12 Author(s)
Le Ye ; Inst. of Microelectron., Peking Univ., Beijing, China ; Huailin Liao ; Fei Song ; Jiang Chen
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UHF RFID reader transceiver for Chinese local standard (840-845 MHz and 920-925 MHz), in concord with the protocols of EPC Class-1 Gen-2 and ISO/IEC 18000-6C, is presented. A highly linear RF front-end with low flicker noise, an on-chip self-jammer cancellation (SC) circuit with fast time-varying cut-off frequency and a DC-offset cancellation (DCOC) circuit are proposed to deal with the large self-jammer in the receiver. In the presence of 22 dBm PA output power, the receiver achieves a sensitivity of -79 dBm including the 15 dB loss of the directional coupler. A CMOS class-AB PA is integrated in the transmitter, with 22 dBm output power and 35% PAE. The spectrum mask achieves ACPR1 of -45 dBc and ACPR2 of -60 dBc . A sigma-delta fractional-N PLL with a single LC VCO is also implemented for good phase noise (-126 dBc/Hz @ 1 MHz offset) and high frequency resolution within 1 kHz. This single-chip is fabricated in a 0.18 standard CMOS process. It occupies a silicon area of 13.5 mm2 and dissipates 203 mW from a 1.8 V supply voltage when transmitting 7.5 dBm output power.

Published in:

Solid-State Circuits, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 7 )