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We investigated the characteristics of the partial discharge (PD) with twisted enameled wires by optical emission spectroscopy (OES) in atmospheric humid air. The electric field strength in the gap of the twisted enameled wires during the discharges was estimated from intensity ratio of the spectrum bands of nitrogen molecules obtained by the OES. It was found that the electric field strength was increased when increasing the relative humidity, and the increasing rate was different depending on the temperature. The increase of the electric field strength in the gap of the twisted pair could be related to a reduction of PD inception voltage (PDIV) observed in the experiment. The reduction of the PDIV could be determined by not only dielectric properties of enameled wires such as permittivity and surface conductivity but also changes of the discharge phenomena in the humid air. In this study, effects of the increase of the permittivity of the enameled wire due to the moisture absorption into the insulating layer were quantitatively discussed as one of the candidates to explain the reduction of the PDIV in the humid conditions. On the other hand, the discharge current amplitude was decreased with the increase of relative humidity at high temperature. It was considered that the discharge could be quenched by dissociative electron attachment to the large number of water molecules. The observed PD phenomena with respect to the change of the humidity are very important for quality management of low voltage inverter-fed random wound motors.
Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:17 , Issue: 3 )
Date of Publication: June 2010