Skip to Main Content
For grid-connected power converters, the frequency and phase angle of the grid voltage, which are essential to the system operations, must be quickly and accurately obtained even if the utility voltage is distorted or unbalanced. In this paper, a novel hardware-based all-digital phase-locked loop (ADPLL) is proposed for grid interface converters to detect the frequency and phase angle based on the voltage zero crossings. The proposed ADPLL features wide track-in range and fast pull-in time, and it can easily be integrated with the digital controller for grid-connected power converters. A discrete small-signal model is presented to investigate the performance and parameter dependence of the ADPLL. As expected, the output phase error and pulse jitter are minimized by selecting a high clock frequency and proper regulator parameters. With additional voltage sensors, the ADPLL can be readily extended into applications with grid disturbances. Experimental results verify the analysis and the effectiveness of the ADPLL.