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The emerging location-detection devices together with ubiquitous connectivity have enabled a large variety of location-based services (LBS). Unfortunately, LBS may threaten the users’ privacy. K-anonymity cloaking the user location to K-anonymizing spatial region (K-ASR) has been extensively studied to protect privacy in LBS. Traditional K-anonymity method needs complex query processing algorithms at the server side. SpaceTwist  rectifies the above shortcoming of traditional K-anonymity since it only requires incremental nearest neighbor (INN) queries processing techniques at the server side. However, Space Twist may fail since it cannot guarantee K-anonymity. In this paper, our proposed framework, called KAWCR (K-anonymity Without Cloaked Region), rectifies the shortcomings and retains the advantages of the above two techniques. KAWCR only needs the server to process INN queries and can guarantee that the users issuing the query is indistinguishable from at least K-1 other users. The extensive experimental results show that the communication cost of KAWCR for kNN queries is lower than that of both traditional K-anonymity and SpaceTwist.
Date of Conference: 23-26 May 2010