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Fundamental Limitations in the Performance of {\rm Ce}^{3+} –, {\rm \Pr}^{3+} –, and {\rm Eu}^{2+} –Activated Scintillators

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1 Author(s)
Dorenbos, P. ; Fac. of Appl. Sci., Delft Univ. of Technol., Delft, Netherlands

The fundamental limits on the scintillation decay, scintillation yield, and X-ray or γ-ray energy resolution obtainable with Ce3+, Pr3+, and Eu2+ activated inorganic scintillators are determined. Those limits are compared with what has been achieved today with scintillators like YAlO3:Ce, Lu2SiO5:Ce, LaCl3:Ce, LaBr3:Ce, Lul3:Ce, and emerging scintillators like Lu3Al5O12:Pr3+ and SrI2:Eu2+. Higher scintillation yield not necessarily leads to better energy resolution; nonproportional scintillation yield with deposited amount of ionization energy is an important aspect too that will be addressed.

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Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:57 ,  Issue: 3 )