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A Low Phase Noise Quadrature VCO Using Symmetrical Tail Current-Shaping Technique

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3 Author(s)
I-Shing Shen ; Dept. of Commun. Eng., Nat. Chiao Tung Univ., Hsinchu, Taiwan ; Tze-Che Huang ; Jou, C.F.

This letter presents a new symmetrical tail current-shaping technique to improve the phase noise of a quadrature voltage-controlled oscillator (QVCO). This proposed QVCO consists of two first-harmonic injection-locked oscillators (ILOs) and the outputs are injected back to the gates of the QVCO's tail transistors in order to shape the tail currents. A switching current path is provided between the two tail current sources in order to eliminate the asymmetric phenomenon of the tail currents. The measured phase noise can be improved by 4 dB using this technique. This CMOS LC-tank QVCO has been implemented using the TSMC 0.18 μm mixed-signal/RF CMOS 1P6M technology and the die area is 0.7 × 1.1 mm2. The total power consumption is 11.2 mW at the supply voltage of 1.4 V. The measured phase noise at 1 MHz offset is -119.3 dBc/Hz at the oscillation frequency of 5.28 GHz. The figure of merit (FOM) of the proposed QVCO is -183 dBc/Hz.

Published in:

Microwave and Wireless Components Letters, IEEE  (Volume:20 ,  Issue: 7 )