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A 1.2 V 10-bit 100 MS/s Successive Approximation (SA) ADC is presented. The scheme achieves high-speed and low-power operation thanks to the reference-free technique that avoids the static power dissipation of an on-chip reference generator. Moreover, the use of a common-mode based charge recovery switching method reduces the switching energy and improves the conversion linearity. A variable self-timed loop optimizes the reset time of the preamplifier to improve the conversion speed. Measurement results on a 90 nm CMOS prototype operated at 1.2 V supply show 3 mW total power consumption with a peak SNDR of 56.6 dB and a FOM of 77 fJ/conv-step.