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Distributive Power Control Algorithm for Multicarrier Interference Network Over Time-Varying Fading Channels—Tracking Performance Analysis and Optimization

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2 Author(s)
Yong Cheng ; Dept. of Electron. & Comput. Eng. (ECE), Hong Kong Univ. of Sci. & Technol. (HKUST), Hong Kong, China ; Lau, V.K.N.

Distributed power control over interference limited network has received an increasing intensity of interest over the past few years. Distributed solutions (like the iterative water-filling, gradient projection, etc.) have been intensively investigated under quasi-static channels. However, as such distributed solutions involve iterative updating and explicit message passing, it is unrealistic to assume that the wireless channel remains unchanged during the iterations. Unfortunately, the behavior of those distributed solutions under time-varying channels is in general unknown. In this paper, we shall investigate the distributed scaled gradient projection algorithm (DSGPA) in a K pairs multicarrier interference network under a finite-state Markov channel (FSMC) model. We shall analyze the convergence property as well as tracking performance of the proposed DSGPA. Our analysis shows that the proposed DSGPA converges to a limit region rather than a single point under the FSMC model. We also show that the order of growth of the tracking errors is given by O(1/), where is the average sojourn time of the FSMC. Based on the analysis, we shall derive the tracking error optimal scaling matrices via Markov decision process modeling. We shall show that the tracking error optimal scaling matrices can be implemented distributively at each transmitter. The numerical results show the superior performance of the proposed DSGPA over three baseline schemes, such as the gradient projection algorithm with a constant stepsize.

Published in:

Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:58 ,  Issue: 9 )