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In this letter, double-sided parallel-strip line (DSPSL) has been used to build a novel differential filter with ultra- wideband (UWB) response. Swap structures, based on DSPSL, are employed in the design to realize 180° phase shift. So the swap structures can realize the conversion between differential- and common-mode. Utilizing the characteristic, the input common- mode signals will be cancelled at the center of the filter, while the input differential-mode signals can propagate in the proposed filter. The proposed new differential filter was calculated in analytical method, and was simulated by the full-wave electromagnetic simulator, and was validated by the measurement. The last results show they have a good in-band and out-band performance. With fractional bandwidth of 110% centered at 3 GHz, the differential-mode signals can propagate with UWB frequency response, while the common-mode signals are suppressed below -20 dB in the whole frequency band.