Skip to Main Content
In this study a fully automatic fotogrammetric system is designed to determine the EEG electrode positions in 3D. The proposed system uses a 1.3 MP web camera rotating over the subject's head. The camera is driven by a step motor. The camera takes photos in every 7.20 angles during the rotation. In order to realize full automation, electrodes are labeled by colored circular markers and an electrode identification algorithm is develeoped for full automation. The proposed method is tested by using a realistic head phantom carrying 25 electrodes. The positions of the test electrodes are also measured by a conventional 3-D digitizer. The measurements are repeated 3 times for repeatibility purposes. It is found that 3-d digitizer localizes the electrodes with an average error of 8.46 mm, 7.63 mm and 8.32 mm, while the proposed system localizes the electrodes with an average error of 1.76 mm, 1.42 mm and 1.53 mm.