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Coded DS-CDMA systems with iterative channel estimation and no pilot symbols

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3 Author(s)
Don Torrieri ; US Army Research Laboratory ; Amitav Mukherjee ; Hyuck M. Kwon

In this paper, we describe direct-sequence codedivision multiple-access (DS-CDMA) systems with quadriphaseshift keying in which channel estimation, coherent demodulation, and decoding are iteratively performed without the use of any training or pilot symbols. An expectation-maximization channelestimation algorithm for the fading amplitude, phase, and the interference power spectral density (PSD) due to the combined interference and thermal noise is proposed for DS-CDMA systems with irregular repeat-accumulate codes. After initial estimates of the fading amplitude, phase, and interference PSD are obtained from the received symbols, subsequent values of these parameters are iteratively updated by using the soft feedback from the channel decoder. The updated estimates are combined with the received symbols and iteratively passed to the decoder. The elimination of pilot symbols simplifies the system design and allows either an enhanced information throughput, an improved bit error rate, or greater spectral efficiency. The interference-PSD estimation enables DS-CDMA systems to significantly suppress interference.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications  (Volume:9 ,  Issue: 6 )