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In this paper, a modified one-cycle-control (OCC) scheme is proposed for regulating three-phase pulsewidth-modulated (PWM) rectifiers operating under unbalanced and distorted supply conditions. Mathematical analysis is first presented to show the dominant harmonic-voltage components appearing across the dc link of the PWM rectifier when it is controlled by an existing OCC scheme. Such dc-link harmonics when produced may aggravate harmonic currents flowing into the input terminals of the three-phase rectifier. To address these interrelated unbalance and harmonic concerns, the concept of reconstructing the appropriate reference signals in the OCC control core is introduced, before modifications are recommended for altering the key control equation. The improved OCC controller eventually developed is proven to exhibit minimal input-current distortion and a smoother dc-link voltage without using large capacitance. Other advantages exhibited by the traditional OCC scheme, such as no phase-locked loop, no frame transformation, and constant switching frequency, are also retained by the improved controller, whose theoretical findings are fully verified by experimental results obtained from a 1.2-kW three-phase PWM rectifier built in the laboratory.