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Integer DCT Based on Direct-Lifting of DCT-IDCT for Lossless-to-Lossy Image Coding

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2 Author(s)
Suzuki, T. ; Dept. of Electron. & Electr. Eng., Keio Univ., Yokohama, Japan ; Ikehara, M.

A discrete cosine transform (DCT) can be easily implemented in software and hardware for the JPEG and MPEG formats. However, even though some integer DCTs (IntDCTs) for lossless-to-lossy image coding have been proposed, such transform requires redesigned devices. This paper proposes a hardware-friendly IntDCT that can be applied to both lossless and lossy coding. Our IntDCT is implemented by direct-lifting of DCT and inverse DCT (IDCT). Consequently, any existing DCT device can be directly applied to every lifting block. Although our method requires a small side information block (SIB), it is validated by its application to lossless-to-lossy image coding.

Published in:

Image Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:19 ,  Issue: 11 )