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Nonlinear spectral mixture analysis for hyperspectral imagery is investigated without prior information about the image scene. A simple but effective nonlinear mixture model is adopted, where the multiplication of each pair of endmembers results in a virtual endmember representing multiple scattering effect during pixel construction process. The analysis is followed by linear unmixing for abundance estimation. Due to a large number of nonlinear terms being added in an unknown environment, the following abundance estimation may contain some errors if most of the endmembers do not really participate in the mixture of a pixel. We take advantage of the developed endmember variable linear mixture model (EVLMM) to search the actual endmember set for each pixel, which yields more accurate abundance estimation in terms of smaller pixel reconstruction error, smaller residual counts, and more pixel abundances satisfying sum-to-one and nonnegativity constraints.
Date of Publication: Oct. 2010