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A Fast-Converging Equalizer for Upstream DOCSIS Channels

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4 Author(s)
Andalibi, Z. ; Univ. of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada ; Berscheid, B. ; Salt, E. ; Nguyen, H.H.

This paper proposes a method of increasing the efficiency of the CATV plant in the upstream direction. The general approach is to reduce the convergence time of the equalizer to allow a shorter training sequence. Specifically, the upstream channel is modeled as a postdetection filter. A short unique word is inserted near the beginning of the preamble to estimate the coefficients of the postdetection filter. The postdetection filter is then crudely inverted to estimate a few key tap weights of the equalizer. The equalizer is initialized with these estimated tap weights before adaptive updating is turned on. The method is evaluated for the echo-laden DOCSIS CATV upstream channel with a signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of 25 dB. Plots of the probability of the modulation error ratio exceeding 19- and 22-dB values versus the length of the training sequence show that the performance is comparable to an unseeded equalizer with a training sequence that is about 50 symbols longer.

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Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:56 ,  Issue: 3 )