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A 2.4-GS/s FFT Processor for OFDM-Based WPAN Applications

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3 Author(s)
Song-Nien Tang ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Nat. Tsing Hua Univ., Hsinchu, Taiwan ; Jui-Wei Tsai ; Tsin-Yuan Chang

This brief presents a fast Fourier transform (FFT) processor that provides high throughput rate (T.R.) by applying the eight-data-path pipelined approach for wireless personal area network applications. The hardware costs, including the power consumption and area, increase due to multiple data paths and increased wordlength along stages. To resolve these issues, a novel simplification method to reduce the hardware cost in multiplication units of the multiple-path FFT approach is proposed. A multidata scaling scheme to reduce wordlengths while preserving the signal-to-quantization-noise ratio is also presented. Using UMC 90-nm 1P9M technology, a 2048-point FFT processor test chip has been designed, and its 128-point FFT kernel has been fabricated for ultrawideband (UWB) applications and also for verification. The 2048-point FFT processor can provide a T.R. of 2.4 GS/s at 300 MHz with a power consumption of 159 mW. Compared with the four-data-path approach, a power consumption saving of about 30% can be achieved under the same T.R. In addition, the 128-point FFT kernel test chip has a measured power consumption of 6.8 mW with a T.R. of 409.6 MS/s at 52 MHz to meet the UWB standard with a saving in power consumption of about 40%.

Published in:

Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:57 ,  Issue: 6 )

Date of Publication:

June 2010

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