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High altitude airborne cellular base stations antenna analysis

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3 Author(s)
Denton, S. ; Northrop Grumman Mission Syst., San Diego, CA, USA ; Zavidniak, P. ; Hodgkiss, W.

Obtaining continual mobile communication coverage over two or more disparate regions from an airborne platform utilizing a deployable cellular base station has proven to be challenging due to the resulting signal spatial structure and signal gain observed from the mobile ground users. A two-dimensional aircraft simulation environment has been developed to evaluate the optimal link budget of an antenna system coupled with a Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) base station positioned above 45,000 feet in a designated elliptical orbital pattern in an effort to acquire broader and longer communication coverage. This will analyze the signal excess results of both an omni-directional conventional antenna system (CAS) and a switched-beam smart antenna system (SBSAS) with multiple mobile ground users present. Collectively, these results constitute a basis for low-risk implementation for a high altitude airborne deployable cellular base station.

Published in:

Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine, IEEE  (Volume:25 ,  Issue: 4 )