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Joint Spatial–Temporal Spectrum Sensing for Cognitive Radio Networks

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2 Author(s)
Tuan Do ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., George Mason Univ., Fairfax, VA, USA ; Mark, B.L.

In a wireless system with opportunistic spectrum sharing, secondary users equipped with cognitive radios attempt to access a radio spectrum that is not being used by the primary licensed users. On a given frequency channel, a secondary user can perform spectrum sensing to determine spatial or temporal opportunities for spectrum reuse. Whereas most prior works address either spatial or temporal sensing in isolation, we propose a joint spatial-temporal spectrum-sensing scheme that exploits information from spatial sensing to improve the performance of temporal sensing. We quantify the performance benefit of the joint spatial-temporal scheme over pure spatial sensing and pure temporal sensing based on counting-rule and linear quadratic (LQ) detectors. Finally, we analyze a multilevel quantization feedback scheme that can improve the performance of temporal sensing based on counting-rule detectors.

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Vehicular Technology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:59 ,  Issue: 7 )