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Frequency Reconfigurable Quasi-Yagi Folded Dipole Antenna

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5 Author(s)
Pei-Yuan Qin ; Nat. Key Lab. of Antennas & Microwave Technol., Xidian Univ., Xi''an, China ; Weily, A.R. ; Guo, Y.J. ; Bird, T.S.
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A frequency reconfigurable planar quasi-Yagi antenna with a folded dipole driver element is presented. The center frequency of the antenna is electronically tuned by changing the effective electrical length of the folded dipole driver, which is achieved by employing either varactor diodes or PIN diodes. Two antenna prototypes are designed, fabricated and measured. The first antenna enables continuous tuning from 6 to 6.6 GHz using varactor diodes and the reflection coefficient bandwidth (≤ -10 dB) at each frequency is greater than 15%. The second antenna enables discrete tuning using PIN diodes to operate in either the 5.3-6.6 GHz band or the 6.4-8 GHz band. Similar end-fire radiation patterns with low cross-polarization levels are achieved across the entire tunable frequency range for the two antenna prototypes. Measured results on tuning range, radiation patterns and gain are provided, and these show good agreement with numerical simulations.

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:58 ,  Issue: 8 )