Skip to Main Content
This paper presents two new large classes of QC-LDPC codes, one binary and one non-binary. Codes in these two classes are constructed by array dispersions of row-distance constrained matrices formed based on additive subgroups of finite fields. Experimental results show that codes constructed perform very well over the AWGN channel with iterative decoding based on belief propagation. Codes of a subclass of the class of binary codes have large minimum distances comparable to finite geometry LDPC codes and they offer effective tradeoff between error performance and decoding complexity when decoded with low-complexity reliability-based iterative decoding algorithms such as binary message passing decoding algorithms. Non-binary codes decoded with a Fast-Fourier Transform based sum-product algorithm achieve significantly large coding gains over Reed-Solomon codes of the same lengths and rates decoded with either the hard-decision Berlekamp-Massey algorithm or the algebraic soft-decision Kotter-Vardy algorithm. They have potential to replace Reed-Solomon codes in some communication or storage systems where combinations of random and bursts of errors (or erasures) occur.
Date of Publication: May 2010