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Digital signal processor against field programmable gate array implementations of space-code correlator beamformer for smart antennas

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6 Author(s)
S. Dikmese ; Dept. of Commun. Eng., Tampere Univ. of Technol., Tampere, Finland ; A. Kavak ; K. Kucuk ; S. Sahin
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Software radio implementations of beamformers on programmable processors such as digital signal processor (DSP) and field programmable gate array (FPGA) still remain as a challenge for the integration of smart antennas into existing wireless base stations for 3G systems. This study presents the comparison of DSP- and FPGA-based implementations of space-code correlator (SCC) beamformer, which is practical to use in CDMA2000 systems. Implementation methodology is demonstrated and results regarding beamforming accuracy, weight vector computation time (execution time) and resource utilisation are presented. The SCC algorithm is implemented on Texas Instruments (TI) TMS320C6713 floating-point digital signal processors (DSPs) and Xilinx-s VirtexIV family FPGA. In signal modelling, CDMA2000 reverse link format is employed. The results show that beamformer weights can be obtained within less than 10-ms via implementation on c6713 DSP with direction-of-arrival (DOA) search resolution of ????2??, whereas it can be achieved within less than 25 ??s on VirtexIV FPGA for five-element uniform linear array (ULA). These results demonstrate that FPGA implementation achieves weight vector computation in much smaller time (nearly 500 times) as compared to DSP implementation in this study.

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IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation  (Volume:4 ,  Issue: 5 )