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FPGA-Based Spread-Spectrum Schemes for Conducted-Noise Mitigation in DC–DC Power Converters: Design, Implementation, and Experimental Investigation

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3 Author(s)
Dousoky, G.M. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Kyushu Univ., Fukuoka, Japan ; Shoyama, M. ; Ninomiya, T.

This paper proposes a family of spread-spectrum schemes, several of which are new, for conducted-noise reduction in dc-dc converters. The schemes use three randomized parameters to generate the switching signals: carrier frequency, duty ratio, and pulse position. The increasing performance and cost reduction of field-programmable gate array (FPGA) technology have made the application of these schemes possible in this field. A theoretical framework for a general representative scheme is provided. Then, the proposed schemes are designed and implemented using an FPGA-based controller. Furthermore, the effect of using the proposed controller on common-mode, differential-mode, and total conducted-noise characteristics of the dc-dc converter is experimentally investigated. In addition, the three randomization parameters are swept to determine the values that best achieve the conducted-noise spectrum spread. All studied cases are designed, implemented, and experimentally investigated. Then, the conducted-noise spectra are compared. The experimental results show that the use of the proposed controller with the determined randomization values significantly improves the conducted-noise spectrum and effectively reduces the noise peaks at both high- and low-frequency ranges.

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Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:58 ,  Issue: 2 )