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Towards Mobile Phone Localization without War-Driving

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3 Author(s)
Constandache, I. ; Duke Univ., Durham, NC, USA ; Choudhury, R.R. ; Rhee, I.

This paper identifies the possibility of using electronic compasses and accelerometers in mobile phones, as a simple and scalable method of localization without war-driving. The idea is not fundamentally different from ship or air navigation systems, known for centuries. Nonetheless, directly applying the idea to human-scale environments is non-trivial. Noisy phone sensors and complicated human movements present practical research challenges. We cope with these challenges by recording a person's walking patterns, and matching it against possible path signatures generated from a local electronic map. Electronic maps enable greater coverage, while eliminating the reliance on WiFi infrastructure and expensive war-driving. Measurements on Nokia phones and evaluation with real users confirm the anticipated benefits. Results show a location accuracy of less than 11m in regions where today's localization services are unsatisfactory or unavailable.

Published in:

INFOCOM, 2010 Proceedings IEEE

Date of Conference:

14-19 March 2010