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Dual-frequency ultrasound imaging and therapeutic bilaminar array using frequency selective isolation layer

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6 Author(s)
Azuma, T. ; Hitachi Central Res. Lab., Tokyo, Japan ; Ogihara, M. ; Kubota, J. ; Sasaki, A.
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A new ultrasound array transducer with two different optimal frequencies designed for diagnosis and therapy integration in Doppler imaging-based transcranial sonothrombolysis is described. Previous studies have shown that respective frequencies around 0.5 and 2 MHz are suitable for sonothrombolysis and Doppler imaging. Because of the small acoustic window available for transcranial ultrasound exposure, it is highly desirable that both therapeutic and diagnostic ultrasounds pass through the same aperture with high efficiency. To achieve such a dual-frequency array transducer, we propose a bilaminar array, having an array for imaging and another for therapy, with a frequency selective isolation layer between the two arrays. The function of this layer is to isolate the imaging array from the therapy array at 2 MHz without disturbing the 0.5-MHz ultrasound transmission. In this study, we first used a 1-D model including two lead zirconate titanate (PZT) layers separated by an isolation layer for intuitive understanding of the phenomena. After that, we optimized the acoustic impedance and thickness of the isolation layer by analyzing pulse propagation in a 2-D model by conducting a numerical simulation with commercially available software. The optimal acoustic impedance and thickness are 3 to 4 MRayl and ??/10, respectively. On the basis of the optimization, a prototype array transducer was fabricated, and the spatial resolutions of the Doppler images it obtained were found to be practically the same as those obtained through conventional imaging array transducers.

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Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:57 ,  Issue: 5 )