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This paper presents a novel approach to evaluate the response time in networked automation systems (NAS) that use a client/server protocol. The developments introduced are derived from modeling the entire architecture in the form of timed event graphs (TEGs), as well as from the resulting state representation in Max-Plus algebra. The various architectural stages are actually modeled in a very abstract pattern, which yields just those TEG models where local delays are sufficient to perform the overall evaluation. In this manner, linear Max-Plus equations are obtained. A thorough analysis of these equations has led to analytical formulas for direct calculus of NAS response time. As a final step, experimental measurements taken on a laboratory facility have been used to verify the validity of the results. In conclusion, the benefit and effectiveness of this novel method have been demonstrated.
Automation Science and Engineering, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:7 , Issue: 4 )
Date of Publication: Oct. 2010