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Solid-State Lighting: An Integrated Human Factors, Technology, and Economic Perspective

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4 Author(s)
Tsao, J.Y. ; Phys., Chem. & Nano Sci., Sandia Nat. Labs., Albuquerque, NM, USA ; Coltrin, M.E. ; Crawford, Mary H. ; Simmons, J.A.

Solid-state lighting is a rapidly evolving technology, now virtually certain to someday displace traditional lighting in applications ranging from the lowest-power spot illuminator to the highest-power area illuminator. Moreover, it has considerable headroom for continued evolution even after this initial displacement. In this paper, we present a high-level overview of solid-state lighting, with an emphasis on white lighting suitable for general illumination. We characterize in detail solid-state lighting's past and potential-future evolution using various performance and cost metrics, with special attention paid to inter-relationships between these metrics imposed by human factors, technology, and economic considerations.

Published in:

Proceedings of the IEEE  (Volume:98 ,  Issue: 7 )