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Improvement of Electromagnetic Properties of {\hbox {MgB}}_{2} Filaments Due to Deformation to Tape Shape

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13 Author(s)

We have proposed MgB2 multifilamentary tapes with high critical current densities and low ac losses under external magnetic fields which is parallel to the tape face. The purpose of this proposal is to develop the MgB2 new conductors composed of plural tapes as windings of superconducting coils with both large current capacities and low losses for fusion reactors, superconducting magnetic energy storage systems, and so on. Our MgB2 multifilamentary tapes are fabricated by rolling process from round wires. The tapes are fabricated by using in-situ method. The purpose of this paper is to clarify the effects of deformation to tape shape on the electromagnetic properties of MgB2 filaments in multifilamentary wires. For the purpose, measurements of both critical currents and magnetizations have been carried out on MgB2 fine single filament wires which have simulated a filament in multifilamentary wires. Measurements on wires with large diameter have been also carried out, in order to clarify the effect of diameters of original round wires. We prepared pure and SiC-added MgB2/Nb/Cu composite wires as the original round wires before rolling process. The diameters of round wires have been varied and then the aspect ratios of tapes have been varied. The observed critical current densities of the tapes are about 7 times larger than that of the original round wire at a maximum. The ratios of Jc of wires to tapes don't have dependence of the diameter of the original round wire. In addition, the results of measurements of magnetizations have shown that magnetization losses in MgB2 tapes decrease to 1/3 compared with original round wires.

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IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity  (Volume:20 ,  Issue: 3 )