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A Broadband Folded Printed Quadrifilar Helical Antenna Employing a Novel Compact Planar Feeding Circuit

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4 Author(s)
Caillet, M. ; Station Forces Kingston, R. Mil. Coll. of Canada, Kingston, ON, Canada ; Clénet, M. ; Sharaiha, A. ; Antar, Y.M.M.

A broadband printed quadrifilar helical antenna employing a novel compact feeding circuit is proposed in this paper. This antenna presents an excellent axial ratio over a wide beamwidth, with a 29% bandwidth. A specific feeding circuit based on an aperture-coupled transition and including two 90° surface mount hybrids has been designed to be integrated with the quadrifilar antenna. Over the bandwidth, the measured reflection coefficient of the antenna fed by the wideband compact circuit has been found to be equal to or lower than -12 dB and the maximum gain varies between 1.5 and 2.7 dBic from 1.18 to 1.58 GHz. The half-power beamwidth is 150°, with an axial ratio below 3 dB over this range. The compactness of the feeding circuit allows small element spacing in array arrangements.

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:58 ,  Issue: 7 )