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With amplitude and phase information, time-synchronized measured phasor data of bus voltages and line currents can be used to calculate, without iterations, the voltage phasor on neighboring buses. In some phasor measurement units (PMUs), it has been observed that the voltage and current phasors exhibit phase biases, which can corrupt the conventional state estimator solution if it is augmented with such biased phasor data. This paper presents a new approach for synchronized phasor measurement-based state estimation, which can perform phasor angle bias correction given measurement redundancy. In this approach, polar coordinates are used as the state variables, because the magnitude and phase are largely independent measurements. The state estimation is formulated as an iterative least-squares problem, and its application to portions of the AEP high-voltage transmission system is illustrated.
Date of Publication: Feb. 2011