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An experimental study of mobility and velocity enhancement effects is reported for highly strained short-channel p-channel field-effect transistors (pFETs) using a damascene-gate process on Si (100) and (110) substrates. The relationship between the mobility and the saturation velocity of hole under a compressive stress over 2.0 GPa is discussed. The local channel stress of 2.4 GPa is successfully measured with ultraviolet-Raman spectroscopy for the 30-nm-gate-length device with top-cut compressive-stress SiN liner and embedded SiGe. Mobility and saturation-velocity enhancements of (100) substrate are larger than those of (110) under the high channel stress. In consequence, the saturation current on (100) is larger than that on (110) for the pFETs with higher channel stress and shorter gate length. Moreover, the large enhancement rate of saturation velocity to mobility by the uniaxial stress suggests high injection velocity for the pFETs with the stressors since the high channel stress is induced near the potential peak of the source by using the damascene-gate technology.
Date of Publication: June 2010