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The basic aim of a biometric identification system is to discriminate automatically between subjects in a reliable and dependable way, according to a specific-target application. Multimodal biometric identification systems aim to fuse two or more physical or behavioral traits to provide optimal False Acceptance Rate (FAR) and False Rejection Rate (FRR), thus improving system accuracy and dependability. In this paper, an innovative multimodal biometric identification system based on iris and fingerprint traits is proposed. The paper is a state-of-the-art advancement of multibiometrics, offering an innovative perspective on features fusion. In greater detail, a frequency-based approach results in a homogeneous biometric vector, integrating iris and fingerprint data. Successively, a hamming-distance-based matching algorithm deals with the unified homogenous biometric vector. The proposed multimodal system achieves interesting results with several commonly used databases. For example, we have obtained an interesting working point with FAR = 0% and FRR = 5.71% using the entire fingerprint verification competition (FVC) 2002 DB2B database and a randomly extracted same-size subset of the BATH database. At the same time, considering the BATH database and the FVC2002 DB2A database, we have obtained a further interesting working point with FAR = 0% and FRR = 7.28% ÷ 9.7%.
Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part C: Applications and Reviews, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:40 , Issue: 4 )
Biometrics Compendium, IEEE
Date of Publication: July 2010