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A broad bandwidth and high gain rectangular patch antenna was specifically designed in this paper using planar-patterned metamaterial concepts. Based on an ordinary patch antenna, the antenna has isolated triangle gaps and crossed strip-line gaps etched on the metal patch and ground plane, respectively. Demonstrated to have left-handed characteristics, the patterned metal patch and finite ground plane form a coupled capacitive-inductive circuit of negative index metamaterial. It is shown to have great impact on the antenna performance enhancement in terms of the bandwidth significantly broadened from a few hundred megahertz to a few gigahertz, and also in terms of high efficiency, low loss, and low voltage standing wave ratio. Experimental data show a reasonably good agreement between the simulation and measured results. This antenna has strong radiation in the horizontal direction for some specific applications within the entire band.