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This paper presents a general gait representation framework for video-based human motion estimation. Specifically, we want to estimate the kinematics of an unknown gait from image sequences taken by a single camera. This approach involves two generative models, called the kinematic gait generative model (KGGM) and the visual gait generative model (VGGM), which represent the kinematics and appearances of a gait by a few latent variables, respectively. The concept of gait manifold is proposed to capture the gait variability among different individuals by which KGGM and VGGM can be integrated together, so that a new gait with unknown kinematics can be inferred from gait appearances via KGGM and VGGM. Moreover, a new particle-filtering algorithm is proposed for dynamic gait estimation, which is embedded with a segmental jump-diffusion Markov Chain Monte Carlo scheme to accommodate the gait variability in a long observed sequence. The proposed algorithm is trained from the Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) Mocap data and tested on the Brown University HumanEva data with promising results.
Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part B: Cybernetics, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:40 , Issue: 4 )
Date of Publication: Aug. 2010