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A low complexity iterative receiver with joint channel estimation and ICI cancellation for multi-antenna OFDM systems

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5 Author(s)
Rui Li ; Sch. of Electr. & Inf. Eng., Univ. of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia ; Hardjawana, W. ; Yonghui Li ; Vucetic, B.
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For a multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) system, time-varying multipath fading of channel destroys the orthogonality among subcarriers and leads to serious intercarrier interference (ICI). The system performance degrades more severely as normalized Doppler frequency increases. In order to mitigate the effect of time-varying fading, a low-complexity iterative receiver with joint ICI cancellation and pilot-assisted channel estimation is proposed. The initial channel state information (CSI) is estimated by performing time-domain interpolation and least-square (LS) method on the received pilot symbols. The soft outputs are obtained from the decoders after low-complexity linear minimum mean-square error (LC-LMMSE) detection. In the following stages, the soft outputs are feedback to update the CSI estimation. Furthermore, a ¿linear statistics combining¿ (LSC) technique is used to improve the performance of the proposed equalizer by combining the outputs of LC-LMMSE and parallel interference canceler (PIC) with weighting coefficients estimated by maximizing the signal to interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) at the output of LSC. The complexity of system is significantly reduced by restricting the interference to neighboring subcarriers and employing the LC-LMMSE by limiting the frequency-domain CSI into diagonal region. The simulation results show that the proposed iterative receiver with estimated CSI approaches the ICI-free bound even at very high mobility scenarios.

Published in:

Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications, 2009 IEEE 20th International Symposium on

Date of Conference:

13-16 Sept. 2009