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Loss analysis of laser diode to single-mode fiber couplers with glass spheres or silicon plano-convex lenses

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2 Author(s)
Karstensen, H. ; Siemens AG, Munich, West Germany ; Drogemuller, K.

The single-mode laser diode to single-mode fiber coupling efficiency is analyzed for couplers with glass ball lenses and silicon plano-convex lenses, respectively. The contributions of the different origins of loss are given. It is found that in nearly all cases, most of the total loss is determined by the spherical aberration of the lends that collects the divergent laser diode (lens 1). This loss is calculated for a variety of glass ball lenses and silicon plano-convex lenses are shown to be dependent on the laser diode spot size (or divergence angle). The minimum loss of a coupling configuration is determined with good accuracy by the parameters of lens 1; a single additional parameter, the effective laser diode spot size (or effective divergence angle) for the laser diode; and the coupling arrangement. The calculated losses are compared with experimental values. In most cases, theory and measurement agree very well; differences are discussed

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Lightwave Technology, Journal of  (Volume:8 ,  Issue: 5 )