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Traditionally aluminum trihydrate (ATH) is added to high-temperature vulcanized (HTV) silicone rubber for outdoor insulation applications to improve flame retardancy and the electrical tracking and erosion performance. In this work, the flammability of ATH-free HTV silicone rubber formulations were evaluated by the UL94 vertical burning test. The most promising candidates, as well as reference formulations filled with silica or silica/ATH only, were then evaluated by the inclined plane tracking and erosion test at 4.5 kV. The best result was obtained by silicone rubber containing 100 phr silica and 15 phr melamine cyanurate. It was suggested that this was a result of the arc quenching ability of the melamine hence extinguishing the electrical arc. If the filler level was too high, resulting in poor dispersion, the resistance to tracking and erosion was significantly reduced. Thus formulating a HTV silicone rubber with good tracking and erosion resistance is a balance between having a high enough filler content, while still maintaining a good dispersion of the particles in the polymer matrix, as well as good bonding between the particles and the matrix.