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Purification of Wastewater From Paper Factory by Superconducting Magnetic Separation

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11 Author(s)
Dong-Woo Ha ; Korea Electrotechnol. Res. Inst., Changwon, South Korea ; Tae-Hyung Kim ; Myung-Hwan Sohn ; Jun-Mo Kwon
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It is environmentally important to recycle the wastewater, since paper factories use a large amount of water and equivalent amount of wastewater is generated. Conventional water treatment facilities like precipitation process need large-scale equipment and wide space to purify the wastewater of paper factory. In case of massive waste water, high gradient magnetic separation (HGMS) parts are more effective to purify it rapidly and to occupy relatively small space, since large voids at filter with HGMS are adopted. In this respect, we prepared two types of superconducting magnets in order to apply HGMS parts for wastewater purification process. We made cryo-cooled Bi-2223 (HTS) superconducting magnet parts with room temperature bore in diameter of 70 mm and 200 mm in height. Also, cryo-cooled Nb-Ti superconducting magnet with room temperature bore in diameter of 100 mm and 600 mm in height was used for magnetic separator. Magnetic filters were designed by the analysis of magnetic field distribution at superconducting magnets. The faster wastewater's flow rate was, the worse the degree of clarity in treated water was. The ability of wastewater treatment in the case of magnetic separation used with 10 of magnetite particles was better than that in the case of 5 of magnetite particles.

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Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:20 ,  Issue: 3 )