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Novel Front-End Pulse Processing Scheme for PET System Based on Pulse Width Modulation and Pulse Train Method

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7 Author(s)
Shimazoe, K. ; Dept. of Bioengineeirng, Univ. of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan ; Takahashi, H. ; Boxuan Shi ; Furumiya, T.
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The architecture of a multi-channel front-end system is important for realizing a high-resolution PET system. We propose a novel front-end pulse processing scheme with pulse width modulation (PWM) and pulse train method for PET systems. Each channel of the proposed system consists of a preamplifier, a shaping amplifier, a comparator, and a digital circuit that generates a pulse train for each event. The preamplifier-shaper-discriminator module first generates a trigger pulse with time-over-threshold (ToT), which contains the energy information. The trigger pulse is then processed through a digital circuit that adds subsequent pulses to form a pulse train. These additional pulses encode channel information, timing information, etc. The digital signal output of each channel can be connected by simple wired-OR logic, and the output is read in one transmission line. This multi-channel, low power consumption front-end scheme can acquire enough pulse height (energy) and position information to realize a PET system with a significantly smaller number of output pins in the front-end ASIC. The pulse width encoding also simplifies the digital processing system. We designed a new ASIC based on this concept. The proposed architecture can be applied to high-resolution PET systems with multi-channel ASICs.

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Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:57 ,  Issue: 2 )