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Ultrashallow TiC Source/Drain Contacts in Diamond MOSFETs Formed by Hydrogenation-Last Approach

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3 Author(s)
Yoshikatsu Jingu ; Sony Corporation Atsugi Technology Center, Atsugi, Japan ; Kazuyuki Hirama ; Hiroshi Kawarada

Applying the hydrogen (H) radical exposure at the last step of MOSFET fabrication process, an oxygen (O)-terminated channel was converted to a H-terminated one to obtain subsurface hole accumulation for field-effect transistor operation. Low-resistive titanium carbide (TiC) source/drain and alumina gate oxide were resistant to the hydrogenation process. The shallow TiC side contacts (~ 3 nm in depth) to the hole accumulation layer (channel) showed good ohmic contacts with a specific contact resistance of 2 X 10-7-7 X 10-7 ¿·cm2. For diamond MOSFETs with the TiC ohmic layer, the saturated maximum drain current and maximum transconductance reached 160 mA/mm and 45 mS/mm, respectively. An fT of 6.2 GHz and an f max of 12.6 GHz were obtained. The hydrogenation-last approach is a nondestructive method for the fabrication of diamond MOSFET with high production yield.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices  (Volume:57 ,  Issue: 5 )