By Topic

iTUG, a Sensitive and Reliable Measure of Mobility

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

6 Author(s)
Salarian, A. ; Lab. of Movement Anal. & Meas. (LMAM), Ecole Polytech. Fed. de Lausanne (EPFL), Lausanne, Switzerland ; Horak, F.B. ; Zampieri, C. ; Carlson-Kuhta, P.
more authors

Timed Up and Go (TUG) test is a widely used clinical paradigm to evaluate balance and mobility. Although TUG includes several complex subcomponents, namely: sit-to-stand, gait, 180° turn, and turn-to-sit; the only outcome is the total time to perform the task. We have proposed an instrumented TUG, called iTUG, using portable inertial sensors to improve TUG in several ways: automatic detection and separation of subcomponents, detailed analysis of each one of them and a higher sensitivity than TUG. Twelve subjects in early stages of Parkinson's disease (PD) and 12 age matched control subjects were enrolled. Stopwatch measurements did not show a significant difference between the two groups. The iTUG, however, showed a significant difference in cadence between early PD and control subjects (111.1 ± 6.2 versus 120.4 ± 7.6 step/min, p <; 0.006) as well as in angular velocity of arm-swing (123 ± 32.0 versus 174.0 ± 50.4°/s, p <; 0.005), turning duration (2.18 ± 0.43 versus 1.79 ± 0.27 s, p <; 0.023), and time to perform turn-to-sits (2.96 ± 0.68 versus 2.40 ± 0.33 s, p <; 0.023). By repeating the tests for a second time, the test-retest reliability of iTUG was also evaluated. Among the subcomponents of iTUG, gait, turning, and turn-to-sit were the most reliable and sit-to-stand was the least reliable.

Published in:

Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:18 ,  Issue: 3 )