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Design and analysis of an optimal instruction-retry policy for TMR controller computers

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2 Author(s)
Hagbae Kim ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Yonsei Univ., Seoul, South Korea ; Shin, K.G.

An instruction-retry policy is proposed to enhance the fault-tolerance of triple modular redundant (TMR) controller computers by adding time redundancy to them. A TMR failure is said to occur if a TMR system fails to establish a majority among its modules' outputs due to multiple faulty modules or a faulty voter. Either multiple consecutive TMR failures the active period of which exceeds a certain time limit or the exhaustion of spares as a result of frequent system reconfigurations may result in failure to meet the timing constraints of one or more tasks, called the dynamic failure, during a given mission. An optimal instruction-retry period is derived by minimizing the probability of dynamic failure upon detection of either a masked (by the TMR) error or a TMR failure. We also derive the minimum number of spares needed to keep below the pre-specified level the probability of dynamic failure for a given mission by using the derived optimal retry period

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Computers, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 11 )