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Gigascale integration: is the sky the limit?

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1 Author(s)
Meindl, J.D. ; Sch. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Georgia Inst. of Technol., Atlanta, GA, USA

Early 21st century opportunities for Gigascale integration (GSI) will be governed by a hierarchy of theoretical and practical limits whose five levels can be labeled as: 1) fundamental, 2) material, 3) device, 4) circuit, and 5) system. This article reviews recent enhancements of this hierarchy and identifies those critical limits that appear to present the most formidable challenges to continued progress toward GSI

Published in:

Circuits and Devices Magazine, IEEE  (Volume:12 ,  Issue: 6 )