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An Impulse Response Function for Evaluation of UWB SAR Imaging

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4 Author(s)
Vu, V.T. ; Blekinge Inst. of Technol., Ronneby, Sweden ; Sjogren, T.K. ; Pettersson, M.I. ; Hellsten, H.

Based on analysis of a point target imaged by different synthetic aperture radar (SAR) systems, the commonly used impulse response function in SAR Imaging (IRF-SAR)-a two-dimensional (2-D) sinc function-is shown to be inappropriate for ultrawideband-ultrawidebeam (UWB) SAR systems utilizing a large fractional signal bandwidth and a wide antenna beamwidth. As a consequence, the applications of the 2-D sinc function such as image quality measurements and spatial resolution estimations are limited to narrowband-narrowbeam (NB) SAR systems exploiting a small fractional signal bandwidth and a narrow antenna beamwidth. In this paper, a more general IRF-SAR, which aims at UWB SAR systems, is derived with an assumption of flat two-dimensional (2-D) Fourier transform (FT) of a SAR image and called IRF-USAR. However, the derived IRF-USAR is also valid for NB SAR systems.

Published in:

Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:58 ,  Issue: 7 )