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Experiments on an axial virtual-cathode oscillator (vircator) with a resonance cavity enclosing the virtual cathode are reported. The vircator is driven by a repetitive Marx generator operating in a single-shot mode. To be able to separate different radiation mechanisms, the design of the vircator allows adjustment of the cavity depth as well as the way microwave radiation is extracted. The microwave radiation is measured with a pair of free-field B-dot sensors. The maximum field strengths were registered when the bandwidth was very narrow.