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We report on the band alignment of In0.46Ga0.54 P0.98Sb0.02/GaAs and the dc characteristics of In0.46Ga0.54P0.98Sb0.02/GaAs heterojunction bipolar transistors (HBTs). By comparing the forward and reverse Gummel plot, we found a potential spike existing at the InGaPSb/GaAs interface. Through a flatband extrapolation from the currents of the forward and reverse Gummel plot and the energy gap determined from photoluminescence, we concluded that In0.46Ga0.54P0.98Sb0.02/GaAs is in a type-I band alignment. The conduction-band offset and valence-band offset are 0.12 and 0.35 eV, respectively. As a result of the type-I band alignment, the InGaPSb/GaAs HBTs showed a more significant thermal degradation of the current gain than the control InGaP/GaAs HBT. The thermal behavior is beneficial to ruggedness.