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A framework for tunneled traffic analysis

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2 Author(s)
Yildirim, T. ; Sch. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., RMIT Univ., Melbourne, VIC, Australia ; Radcliffe, P.J.

Research in traffic classification is reaching into ever more difficult areas. Traditional techniques such as header and payload inspection are not providing sufficient information due to usage of non-standard ports and encryption. Promising alternative methods have been proposed based on the statistical behaviour of traffic flows. Although these methods can achieve quite high accuracies in non-encrypted traffic flows, traffic identification of encrypted traffic flows is still in its early stages. We argue that the results to date for encrypted traffic cannot help a network device such as a firewall make any useful decision, nor are there any indications that this may be achieved in the future. We propose a novel approach to cope with encrypted peer to peer network layer tunnels which are a particular problem in schools, universities, and larger corporate networks. First statistical techniques are used to identify the protocols present, a process that may take in the order of seconds. Next, based on the protocols discovered, and enterprise policies, a network device is advised to block, band-limit, or allow the whole tunnel, or a range of packet sizes within that tunnel. Preliminary research has concluded that VoIP traffic can be successfully handled by this approach and that advise to a network device can be practically useful. Work continues to apply these techniques to other protocols and mixes of protocols within a peer to peer tunnels.

Published in:

Advanced Communication Technology (ICACT), 2010 The 12th International Conference on  (Volume:2 )

Date of Conference:

7-10 Feb. 2010