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A new type of half-mode substrate integrated waveguide (SIW) periodically loaded with different lumped elements and structures is proposed in this paper. The propagation constants, Bloch impedances, and voltage distributions of the Floquet TE-modes are all characterized by solving the eigenvalues of the generalized transmission matrix of a single period. Several typical capacitor-loaded, inductor-loaded, corrugated, and electromagnetic-bandgap (EBG)-loaded half-mode SIWs were fabricated to demonstrate their modal dispersion behavior. The measured and simulated S -parameters, group delays, and simulated electric field distributions in these novel structures are presented, with good agreements obtained for all samples. In particular, their unique controllable cutoff frequencies, multiple bandgaps, and separated monomode regions are also illuminated numerically and experimentally. To further show their applications, a tunable phase shifter is developed using a varactor-loaded structure, with its 3-dB bandwidth of 50% and a maximal tunable range of 88??. In addition, a bandpass filter based on EBG-loaded half-mode SIW is also realized and presented with its special characteristics. It demonstrates that the filter has a sharp upper slope side and a good performance of spurious suppression.