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The sensorless position control of permanent-magnet (PM) synchronous motors can be successfully implemented by superimposing a high-frequency voltage signal on the control voltage. In this paper, the position estimation is obtained by means of a high-frequency sinusoidal voltage signal injected along the estimated -axis. Several methods proposed in the literature obtain the position estimation by tracking the zero condition of the high-frequency current component. We propose a new approach that also exploits the -axis high-frequency current component and allows working with injected voltage signal of reduced amplitude, thus reducing noise and additional losses. The main contribution of this paper relies in the compensation of the motor end effects due to the finite length of the tubular motor armature. These effects must be taken into account in the motor modeling because they cause an error in the position estimation that varies with the motor position. The modeling of the phenomenon and a proper compensation technique are proposed in this paper. Last, a simplified integral-type controller is used to estimate motor position instead of the commonly adopted proportional-integral controller plus integrator, and this requires a low-effort design. Experiments on a linear tubular PM synchronous-motor prototype are presented to validate the theoretical analysis and evidence the feasibility of the proposed sensorless technique.
Date of Publication: Feb. 2011