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Induction motor drive systems fed with cables are widely used in many industrial applications. Accurate prediction of motor terminal overvoltage, caused by impedance mismatch between the long cable and the motor, plays an important role for motor dielectric insulation and optimal design of dv/dt filters. In this paper, a novel modeling methodology for the investigation of long-cable-fed induction motor drive overvoltage is proposed. An improved high-frequency motor equivalent circuit model is developed to represent the motor high-frequency behavior for the time- and frequency-domain analyses. The motor equivalent circuit parameters for the differential mode (DM) and common mode (CM) are extracted based on the measurements. A high-frequency cable model based on improved high-order multiple-π sections is proposed. The cable model parameters are identified from the DM impedances in open circuit (OC) and short circuit (SC). To obtain a computationally efficient solution that could potentially be integrated with the motor drive controller, the system equations are discretized and solved using transmission-line modeling (TLM) approach. The proposed methodology is verified on an experimental 2.2-kW ABB motor drive benchmark system. The motor overvoltage transients predicted by the proposed model is in excellent agreement with the experimental results and represents a significant improvement compared with the conventional models.