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Fast Dump of the ATLAS Toroids

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4 Author(s)
Dudarev, A. ; Eur. Center for Nucl. Res.-CERN, Geneva, Switzerland ; Rolando, G. ; Volpini, G. ; Kate, H.t.

The toroidal magnet system of the ATLAS Detector at CERN consists of a Barrel Toroid (BT) and two End Cap Toroids (ECT-A and ECT-C). Each toroid is built up from eight racetrack coils wound with an aluminum stabilized NbTi conductor and indirectly cooled by forced flow liquid helium. The three toroids operate in series at 20.5 kA with a total stored energy of 1.5 GJ. In order to verify the reliability and effectiveness of the quench protection system, series of fast dump tests have been performed first of the single toroids and finally of the entire toroidal magnet system. In this paper a model to simulate the fast dump of the ATLAS toroids in single mode operation and in full system configuration is presented. The model is validated through comparison with measured data extracted from the ramp-and-quench runs. The calculated energy dissipation in the various coils is in very good agreement (within 1-2%) with the enthalpy changes estimated from the temperature measurements of the different parts of the cold masses. The results confirm the safe operation of such a gigantic and complicated magnet system which is now ready for continuous running of the ATLAS Detector.

Published in:

Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:20 ,  Issue: 3 )